As a featured guest conductor in nearly every major orchestra hall and opera house throughout the world, even Jeffrey Tate himself has expressed astonishment at his own career. For, in a way much different than today's somewhat self-absorbed, globetrotting, jet-set conductors, Tate shines as a conductor who, having overcome serious adversity, does what he does out of pure love for music and nothing else. Tate's struggles began in his childhood, when he was diagnosed with a neurological disorder known as spina bifida. Although he had to endure long hospital stays, doctors were eventually able to help Tate learn to walk with a cane (although he sits while conducting). He was able to overcome his health problems in order to study medicine at the University of Cambridge, becoming a doctor in 1969: an acknowledgement to the profession that saved and helped enhance his life. A talented pianist as a child, Tate was often featured in the hospital where he received treatments. Nevertheless, his multifaceted interests (which, in addition to music and medicine also include reading, cooking, and church-crawling) made Tate a musical late-bloomer. In his later years, as Tate eventually became more focused on music, he was invited to join the Royal Opera House as a repetiteur; it was in London that he began to learn from the master conductors of the day, including the company's conductor Georg Solti. He later worked as an assistant to Herbert von Karajan in Salzburg, Pierre Boulez in Bayreuth and James Levine at the Metropolitan Opera. In 1978, at age 35, Tate made a highly successful professional conducting debut with the Gothenburg Opera conducting Bizet's Carmen. Following on the heels of his Swedish success, he created a sensation by filling in for James Levine conducting Berg's massively difficult opera Lulu in 1980. Appointed principal guest conductor of the English Chamber Orchestra in 1985, Tate completed a number of highly praised recordings of modern-day instrument versions of Haydn and Mozart released on EMI Classics. In the wake of conductor Gary Bertini's death, Tate was promoted from principal conductor to music director of the Theatre San Carlo of Naples (2005). An earlier performance of Humperdinck's opera Die Königskinder there garnered critical acclaim and won him the Franco Abbiati prize (2002). His performances of Wagner's Ring, in both Paris and Australia, have received extraordinarily high acclaim and generated significant box office revenue. In 2005, he was appointed music director of the Theatre San Carlo of Naples. The highest honors from both the French and British government have been bestowed upon Tate, including the Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur, Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres, and Commander of the British Empire (CBE). Since 1989, Tate has also served as the director the Association for Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus.